Sunday, April 2, 2017

World Cup Stories-Part 2 (The Second World Cup 1934)-part h

Post World Cup and General

-Italy became the first ever Nation to host and the first European Nation to win the World Cup. They became the second ever nation to win the World Cup.
They also became the second ever host (after Uruguay in 1930) to win the World Cup as hosts.

-In addition to being the first ever player to play for two different nations in a World Cup, Italy’s Luisito Monti also became the first and only player to play in two consecutive World Cup Final matches with two different Nations, losing the first and winning the second.
He was also the oldest of the Italian players.

-The Final Ranking: 1-Italy, 2-Czechsolovakia, 3-Germany, 4-Austria, 5-Spain, 6-Hungary, 7-Switzerland, 8-Sweden, 9-France, 10-Holland, 11-Argentina, 12-Romania, 13-Egypt, 14-Brazil, 15-Belgium, 16-USA

Photo From: Guerin Sportivo I Mondiali del 1934
(Czechoslovakia squad upon their return to Prague )

-Italy and Juventus goalkeeper Giampiero Combi retired from Football immediately after the match as he had promised. He became the first ever European captain as well as the first ever goalkeeper to lift the World Cup as Captain.
Amazing considering that he may not have even played had Ceresoli been fit.
It would be another 48 years until 1982, when another goalkeeper (Italian!!) Dino Zoff also lifted the World Cup as Captain.
Since then only the Spanish goalkeeper Iker Casillas (2010) has also captained a World Cup winning side.

Photo From: Guerin Sportivo-La Grande Storia Del Calcio Italiana-1933-1934
(Team captains Giampiero Combi and Frantisek Planicka and Match Referee Ivan Eklind, June 10, 1934, World Cup, Italy 2-Czechoslovakia 1)

-Italy would host the World Cup once more in 1990. They became after Mexico (1970 and 1986), the second Nation to host the World Cup twice.

-Italy Manager Vittorio Pozzo would manage Italy to win the following World Cup in 1938 in France.
He became and still is the only Manager to have managed two World Cup winning sides (as well as consecutive ones).

-Giuseppe Meazza and Giovanni Ferrari were 1938 World Cup winners as well. They were the only 1934 veterans to achieve this distinction. In doing so, they became the first ever players to win the World Cup twice.
Italian Back-up goalkeeper Guido Masetti (November 22, 1907-November 26, 1993) of AS Roma was also part of the 1938 World Cup winning side. He became the only player to be in two World Cup winning sides without playing a single minute in each.

Photo From: Il Libro Azzurro del Calcio Italiano, Authors Pericle Pratelli, Pasquale Scardillo, 1974
(Italy’s Giovanni Ferrari)

-Giuseppe Meazza (August 23, 1910- August 21, 1979) would be the Captain of the 1938 World Cup winning side.
The Stadio Giuseppe Meazza (San Siro) in Milan (shared by AC Milan and Internazionale Milano) is named after him.
He played for both clubs, though for the majority of his career he played for Internazionale Milano.

Photo From: Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1934 Italien, Author Hardy Grune
(Italy’s Giuseppe Meazza)
(August 23, 1910-August 21, 1979)

-For more than 70 years, Nejedly, Conen and Schiavio were jointly credited as Top Goalscorers with 4 goals each. On November 10th, 2016, FIFA officially credited another goal to Nejedly to make him the top goalcorer.

Photo From: El Mundo Deportivo, June 9, 1934
(cartoon of Italy’s Angelo Schiavio)

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
(Germany’s Edmund Conen)
(November 10, 1914-March 5, 1990)

Photo From: Slavne Nohy, Author Jaroslav Salek, Zdenek Salek, 2002
(Czechoslovakia’s Oldrich Nejedly, December 25, 1909-June 11, 1990) language:AR-SA'>(August 23, 1910-August 21, 1979)

-Belgian Referee John Langenus, who had officiated the 1930 World Cup Final, was very blunt about the Italians’ desire to win at all cost.
He also stated "In the majority of the countries, the world championship was described as a sporting fiasco. Apart from the desire to win the tournament, all the other sporting considerations were non-existent with the host. There was a certain spirit about the competition. The Italians wanted to win what was natural, but they made it clear. "
He had stated, “Italy wanted to win. It was natural but they made it far too obvious”.

Photo From: Guerin Sportivo I Mondiali del 1934
(Belgian Referee John Langenus)

-Belgium’s Bernard Voorhoof (May 10, 1910-February 18, 1974) along with France’s Etienne Mattler (December 25, 1905-March 23, 1986) and Edmond Delfour (November 1, 1907-December 21, 1990) are the only players who took part in the first three World Cups in the 1930 (1930, 1934 and 1938).
Bernard Voorhoof was nicknamed ‘voorhoofd’ (forehead in Dutch); his 1930 Belgian teammate Nicolaas Hoydonckx called him ‘voor-kop’ (to head).

Photo From: Le Dictioonaire Des Diables Rouges
(Belgium’s Bernard Voorhoof)

Photo From: Capitaines des bleus depuis 1904, Author Vincent Duluc, 2003
(France’s Edmond Delfour)

Photo From: Les Bleus, Author Denis Chaumier, 2004
(France’s Etienne Mattler)
(December 25, 1905-March 23, 1986)

-Hungary’s Gyorgy Sarosi (August 5, 1912-June 20, 1993) would captain his Nation in the Final of the 1938 World Cup vs. Italy.
He would go on to manage many Italian clubs in the 1950s including Juventus, AS Roma, Genoa and Bologna.

-France’s Georges Verriest (July 15, 1909-July 11, 1985) was Manager of French National Team from 1959-1964.

Photo From: Football Magazine, Issue 20, September 1961
(France’s Georges Verriest)

Photo From: Football Magazine, Issue 20, September 1961
(France’s Georges Verriest as France Manager with Roger Piantoni, Francosi Heutte and Robert Herbin)

-Germany’s Karl Hohmann (June 18, 1908-March 31, 1974) had a street named after him.
The stadium of his club VfL Benrath is located at:
Karl-Hohmann Strasse 70 at Düsseldorf. 

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
(Germany’s Karl Hohmann)
(June 18, 1908-March 31, 1974)

-Germany Manager Otto Nerz (October 21, 1892-April 18, 1949) was dismissed as Manager of Germany following the 1936 Olympics.
At the conclusion of the World War II, he was arrested since he was a member of the Nazi party.
He was in a camp at Sachsenhausen in the Soviet Zone. He died while in captivity on April 18, 1949.

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Landerspiele, Eine Dokumentation von 1908-1989
(Germany Manager Otto Nerz)
(October 21, 1892-April 18, 1949)

- Anfilogino “Filho” Guarisi  (December 26, 1905- June 8, 1974) of Italy became the first ever Brazilian born player to win the World Cup.
He played for the Brazilian National Team in the 1920s and was known there as ‘Filo’.

Photo From: Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
(Italy’s Anfilogino “Filho”  Guarisi)

-While in the 1930 World Cup, 2-3-5 formation was popular by this World Cup; the ‘WM’ Formation of Herbert Chapman was taking hold across Europe.
Germany played in a ‘WM’ (3-2-2-3) formation at the World Cup.
‘WM’ was also known as ‘Sistema’.
In contrast, Vittorio Pozzo and Hugo Meisl had developped ‘Metodo’, which was a ‘WW’ (2-3-2-3) formation.

Photo From: Azzurri, Storia della Nazionale di calcio tre volte campioni del Mondo, 1910-1983 
(Italy’s tactical formation)

-This World Cup had fewer spectators than the one in Uruguay (358,000 vs. 434,000).
But due to the higher ticket prices, the 1934 revenue was 150% higher than that of 1930. The downside was that these prices may have driven away many fans: the average stadium was 51% full, only Italy’s five matches were near sold out (86% of seats sold), the remaining 12 games had filled up to 36% only. But in the end, the World Cup had proven to be a financially viable venture, as well as increasing revenue from tourism.
Ticket sales amounted to 3,670,393 lire (according to the final bill presented in November 1934). In addition, 1.5 million lire was received for the allocation of broadcasting rights to various media outlets. This resulted in an income of around 5.2 million lire. This was offset by the expenditure of 2,243,000 lire, which amounted to a surplus of almost 3 million lire divided between the participating nations, FIFA and the Italian Federation FIGC.
Some sources show a net profit of 1 Million Lira.
It must be remembered these numbers were published by the Organizing Committee under Fascist supervision, and their accuracy in connection with the cost of stadia and the infrastructure is not verifiable.

-Months after the World Cup on November 14th, 1934, Italy took on England at Highbury. The match was won (3-2) by the English, but the ill-tempered match became known as the ‘Battle of Highbury’.

- Austria Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus and Josef Stroh would be part of the German National Team in the 1938 World Cup. Austrian players were incorporated into the German Team after the Anschlus.

-Apparently the Germans had been hoping to host the 1942 World Cup (If not for World War II…)

-After Italy’s Mussolini invaded the Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia), the Oriundi Enrique Guaita was arrested as he was trying to get abroad to escape recruitment into the Italian army.
The regime's press hid the real reason for the arrest, and instead spoke of the financial irregularities the players had made guilty of.

-Italy’s Pietro Sante Arcari III (December 2, 1909-February 8, 1988) and Giuseppe Cavanna (September 18, 1905-November 3, 1976) were World Cup winners despite never earning a single cap in their careers.

-Italy’s Armando Castellazzi (February 7, 1904- January 4, 1968) led AS Ambrosiana –Inter to the Serie A title as Manager in 1938. He became the first ever person to win the Serie A as a player and a Manager.

-The only players at the World Cup registered with foreign clubs were:
Czechoslovakia’s Josef Silný with French Club ‘Sporting Club Nîmois’ and Brazil’s Rodolpho Barteczko, Patesko with Uruguay’s Nacional Montevideo.
Though it must be remembered that in Patesko’s case his contract was temporarily owned by the Brazil’s Federation ‘CBD’ for the duration of the World Cup.
(Note: Some sources show Patesko registered with Botafogo)

-The following players were also present during the 1930 World Cup:
Argentina: Luisito Monti, Attilio Demaria (both Italians in 1934)
Belgium: Arnold Badjou,  August Hellemans, Louis Verysp, Bernard Voorhoof and Manager Hector Goetinck        
Brazil: Carlos Antônio Dobbert de Carvalho Leite
France: Alexis Thepot, Etienne Mattler, Célestin Delmer, Edmond Delfour, Lucien Laurent, and Emile Veinante
Romania:  Rudolf Burger, Emerich Vogl, Nicolae Kovaci (aka Nicolae Kovacs)
USA: Thomas Florie, James Gallagher, William Gonsalves and George Moorehouse

-The following players were also present during the 1938 World Cup:
Belgium: Arnold Badjou, Bernard Voorhoof, Andre Vandeweyer, Philibert Smellinckx and Jean Capelle
Brazil: Patesko, Leonidas and Martim Silveira
Czechoslovakia: Frantisek Plánička, Ferdinand Daucik, Jaroslav Boucek, Jaroslav Burgr, Vlastimil Kopecky, Josef Koštálek, Oldrich Nejedlý and Antonin Puč  
France: Gaston Barreau (Coach, part of Technical Commission in 1934), Etienne Mattler, Jules Vandooren, Alfred Aston, Edmond Delfour, Jean Nicolas and  Emile Veinante
Germany:  Fritz Buchloh, Hans Jakob, Paul Janes, Ernst Lehner, Reinhold Munzenberg, Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus, Otto Siffling, Josef Stroh and Fritz Szepan (Note: Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus and Josef Stroh were part of the Austrian National team in 1934).
Holland: Gerardus ‘Puck’ van Heel, Wim Andriesen Sr., Kick Smit, Leen Vente, Frank Wels, Mauk Weber, Adri van Male, Bas Paawe and Manager Robert Glendenning
Hungary: Antal Szabo, Gyorgy Szucs, Jeno Vincze, Antal Szalay, György Sárosi, Gyula Lazar, Jozsef  Hada, Jozsef  Turay, Geza Toldi, Janos Dudas
Italy: Giovanni Ferrari, Guido Masetti, Giuseppe Meazza and Manager  Vittorio Pozzo
Romania: Iuliu Baratki, Silviu Bindea, Nicolae Kovaci (aka Nicolae Kovacs), Stefan Dobay, Iuliu Bodola, Rudolf Burger and  Lazar Sfera
Sweden: Sven Jonasson, Tore Keller and Manager Jozsef Nagy
Switzerland: Renato Bizzozero, Willy Huber, Severino Minelli, Albert Guinchard, André ‘Trello’ Abegleen and Leopold Kielholz

Photo From: Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
(Sweden’s Sven Jonasson)
(July 9, 1909-September 17, 1984)

Photo From: Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
(Czechoslovakia’s Frantisek Planicka)
(July 2, 1904-July 20, 1996)

Photo From: Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1934 Italien, Author Hardy Grune
(Czechoslovakia’s Josef Kostalek)
(August 31, 1909-November 21, 1971)

Photo From: Slavne Nohy, Author Jaroslav Salek, Zdenek Salek, 2002
(Czechoslovakia’s Vlastimil Kopecky, October 14, 1912-July 30, 1967)

-Czechoslovakia’s Geza Kalocsay (May 30, 1913- September 26, 2008) also represented Hungary in 1940. When he passed away in 2008, he was the last surviving player to have represented Czechoslovakia and Hungary before the War.

-Holland’s Wim Anderiesen (November 27, 1903-July 18, 1944) passed away due to pneumonia.
His son Wim Anderiesen, Jr played for Ajax Amsterdam in the 1950s.

Photo From: de Internationals, de Historie van Oranje, Authors Matty Verkamman, Henri van der Steen, John Volkers
(Holland’s Wim Anderiesen)
(November 27, 1903-July 18, 1944)

-Germany’s Otto Siffling (August 3, 1912-October 20, 1939) died aged just 27 from Peurisy (inflammation of the lungs).

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
(Germany’s Otto Siffling)
(August 3, 1912-October 20, 1939)

-Romania’s Gheorghe Albu (September 12, 1909-June 26, 1974) managed through the 1940s and 1960s. He managed the Romanian National team in 1950.

Photo From: Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
(Romania’s Gheorghe Albu)
(September 12, 1909-June 26, 1974)

-Karel Johannes Julianus Lotsij (Lotsy) (March 3, 1893-August 29, 1959) was the head of the Dutch Selection Committee.
Many credit him for the improvements in the standards of the Dutch team during his tenure.
After his death, it came to light that during the Dutch Occupation during World War II, he might have been accommodating to the Nazis.
His role is somewhat unclear as accounts vary but his image was tarnished posthumously.

Photo From: Het Nederlands Elftal, De Histoire van Oranje, 1905-1989
(Karel Lotsy)
(March 3, 1893-August 29, 1959) rong>

-Austria’s Anton Schall  (June 22, 1907-August 10, 1947) died aged just 40 after collapsing while leading training for Basel where he was the Manager (1946/47).

Photo From: Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
(Austria’s Anton Schall)
(June 22, 1907-August 10, 1947)

-France’s Alfred Aston (May 16, 1912-February 10, 2003) had an English father and French mother.

- France’s Roger Courtois (May 30, 1912-May 5, 1972) was born in Switzerland and had double Nationality (French and Swiss).
In 1940, he had been mobilized as France had entered the War and was taken prisoner.
He decided on a plan to get repatriated to neutral Switzerland.
He went to the Prison Camp Hospital on the pretense of inflammation of lungs that he had from childhood (healed by then).
There he decided not to eat to lose weigtht. In doing so he lost more than 25 pounds and was repatriated to Switzerland in a seemingly ill state.
Once in Switzerland, he resumed his playing career and joined Lausanne.

Photo From: Football Magazine, Issue 44, September 1963
(Roger Courtois as a Sochaux player)

- France’s Jacques Mairesse (February 27, 1905-June 15, 1940) was mobilized during World War II. He was taken prisoner and was later killed as he was attempting to escape.
His son, the economist also named Jacques Mairesse was born after his death on August 16, 1940.

-France’s Noël Liétaer (November 17, 1908-February 22, 1941) died as a prisoner of war from illness.

-Holland’s Puck van Heel held the Dutch Caps record from 1937 until 1979, when Ruud Krol broke it.

-Hungary’s Istvan Avar  (May 27 (or 28), 1905-October 13, 1977) also represented Romania (1926/27).

-Spanish player Martin Ventolra emigrated to Mexico during the Spanish Civil War. His son, José Vantolrá, was born in Mexico.
He grew up there and eventually became a Mexican International.
José Vantolrá played in the 1970 World Cup for Mexico.
They are also the only father and son combination in a World Cup from different countries.

-French player Roger Rio (September 13, 1913-April 23, 1999)’s son Patrice (August 15, 1948-      ) represented France in the 1978 World Cup (44 years later).
They were the first father and son to represent the same nation in a World Cup.
Roger played for France vs. Austria on May 27, 1934 at Turin (3 to 2 Austria win) and Patrice played vs. Italy on June 2, 1978 at Mar Del Plata (2 to 1 Italy win).

-Italy’s Angelo Schiavio, Attilio Demaria, Guido Masetti and Felice Borel were the last surviving Italian players to have witnessed Italy host the World Cup again in 1990. Schiavio and Demaria passed away a few months after the end of the Tournament. Borel and Masetti passed away in 1993.

Photo From: Guerin Sportivo, Issue 434 (Number 16), April 20-27, 1983
(Italy’s Felice Borel)
(April 5, 1914-January 21, 1993)

-France backup goalkeeper René Llense (July 14, 1913-March 12, 2014) died aged 100.
He was the last surviving participant of this World Cup and in fact of any of the pre-War World Cups.

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El Grafico, Libro De Seleccion-La Historia De Argentina En Los Mundiales-De Uruguay 30 A Corea-Japon 2002
Chronik des deutschen fussballs, 2005
Slavne Nohy, Author: Jaroslav Salek, Zdenek Salek, 2002
Ireland, The Quest for the World Cup, Author: Clive Leatherdale
Almanaque da Seleccao, Authors: Published by Almanaxi, 2004
The International Matches of Czechoslovakia, Author:  Dave Clayton and Jan Buitenga, 1990
Rode Duivels & Oranje Leeuwen., 100 jaar Derby der Lage Landen, Authors: Ralf Willems, Matty Verkamman, 2001
Football Association of Ireland, 75 Years, Author: Peter Byrne, 1996
Ireland on the Ball, Author: Donal Cullen, 1993
Todo Sobre La Seleccion Espanola, Felix Martialay, 2006
Het Nederlands Elftal, 1911-1955, Jan Mulder
Il Libro Azzurro del Calcio Italiano, Authors Pericle Pratelli, Pasquale Scardillo, 1974 
World Soccer, January 1991
IFFHS-Belgique-Belgie (1904-1940)
IFFHS, Schweiz,Suisse, Svizzera (1905-1940)
IFFHS, Danmark (1908-1940), Sverige (1908-10940)
We Caan Naar Rome, Authirs:  Marco van der Laan, Rob Kemper
IFFHS-Argentina (1902-1940)-Uruguay (1902-1940)
History of the World Cup, Author Michael Archer
IFFHS-Argentina (1902-1940)-Uruguay (1902-1940)
Bialo Czerwoni 1921-2001, Author Andrzej Gowarzewski
Die Geschichte der Fussball Nationalmanschaft, Author Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling (Hrsg), 2004
L’Equipe, L’Equipe de France de Football, la Belle Histoire
Le Siecle des Diables Rouges, Author Christian Hubert
Onze-Mondial, Issue 99, April 1997
L'Equipe de Suisse, Authors Guy Balibouse, Roger Felix, Pierre Tripod, 1993
Het Nederlands Elftal, De Histoire van Oranje, 1905-1989
Il Libro Azzuro, Author: Walter Perosino, 1998
The Boys in Green, The FAI international Story, Author Sean Ryan, 1997
La Nazionale Italiana, 1978
L'Equipe de France de Football, L'Integrale des 497 rencontres (1904-1991), Authors: J.M.Cazal, Pierre Cazal, Michel Oreggia, 1992
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Die Nati, Die Geschichte der Schweizer Fussball-Nationalmanschaft, author Beat Jung, 2006
Österreichs Fußball Länderspiele Chronik 1902 – 1993, Author: Anton Egger
Les Bleus, Le livre officiel de l'equipe de France, Author Dominique Grimault, 1997
Les Bleus, Author: Denis Chaumier, 2004
Le Dictionnaire Des Diables Rouges
L'Integrale de L'Equipe de France de Football, Authors J.M. and Pierre Cazal, Michel Oreggia, 1998
Deutschlands Fussball Landerspiele, Eine Dokumentation von 1908-1989
Capitaines des bleus depuis 1904, Author: Vincent Duluc, 2003
Miroir du Football, Issue 130, April-May 1970
Mondial, New Series, Hors Serie 14, 1982, La Glorieuse Epopee De la Coupe Du Monde
Seleccao Brasileira -90 Anos 1914-2004, Authors Antonio Carlos Napoleao, Roberto Assaf
The World Cup 1930-1990, Author Jack Rollin
Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
Placar Especial 2006 (1-9)
Historias Sudamericanas en la Copa del Mundo 1930-2006
La Historia de los Mundiales (En Primera Persona) - 2014
Schulze-Marmeling D. - Die Geschichte der Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft.1930-2006
La Seleccion Nacional, Part I-Con el orgullo a media cancha (1923-1970), By Carlos Calderon Cardoso
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90 Joer Letzebuerger Footballfederatioun  90 ans Federation Luxembourgeoise de Football
Federation Luxembourgeoise de Football , 75 and de football au Grand-Duche de Luxembourg  1908-1983
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Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1934 Italien, Author Hardy Grune
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LIBRO DEL FUTBOL, Fasciculo 14, 1974
Start 1982_aug2_№31-32
AS Color, Issue 127, October 23, 1973
World Soccer, August 1994

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